After years of discussion and millions of dollars invested by automakers, Mercedes-Benz will put solid-state batteries into a production vehicle.
However, that vehicle is not a car, but a bus.
Mercedes announced Friday that its eCitaro and articulated eCitaro G buses will be available with optional solid-state batteries, alongside traditional lithium-ion batteries.
As the name suggests, the difference between the two battery chemistries is that solid-state batteries have a solid electrolyte; lithium-ion batteries have a liquid electrolyte.
The company claims solid-state batteries will boast a long service life and a 25% boost in energy density compared to the latest upcoming liquid-electrolyte lithium-ion batteries.
In the eCitaro G, solid-state cells will be used in a 441-kilowatt-hour battery pack, divided into five modules mounted in the roof. Maximum range is estimated at 220 kilometers (136 miles) in average conditions, or 170 kilometers (105 miles) in winter with the heater running, Mercedes said.
Mercedes-Benz eCitaro G electric bus
Mercedes and parent company Daimler are putting more emphasis on zero-emission commercial vehicles. They revealed a fuel-cell long-haul semi truck earlier this month.
Electric buses are unlikely to come to the United States, and it’s unclear what the use of solid-batteries here means for future Mercedes passenger cars.
Most automakers tend to think that solid-state batteries will be used on a limited basis in EV passenger vehicles around the middle of the decade. Toyota is reportedly developing its own chemistry.
Oddly, Panasonic, a longtime Toyota partner, says that solid-state tech remains nearly a decade away.
Volkswagen-backed solid-state battery startup QuantumScape is going public with a valuation of $3.3 billion, despite not producing any commercially-viable batteries yet. VW, which has been collaborating with QuantumScape since 2012, has said it will offer solid-state batteries in some vehicles, on a limited basis, by the middle of the decade. But it hasn’t specifically said that those batteries will come from QuantumScape.
Surprisingly, there was zero mention of solid-state tech at Tesla’s Battery Day event this week, although the automaker claimed to have made a breakthrough in reducing cell costs.