EV Mythbusting: There’s No Place to Charge
Can You Find a Place to Charge Out on the Road?
Electric vehicles are becoming more popular due to increasing investment from big automakers. Numerous companies have announced plans to ramp up production this decade as they drift away from internal combustion engine vehicles.
The rise in EVs has led to doubts and myths for some, especially surrounding the availability of public chargers. Here’s the truth about America’s EV charging stations.
Currently, the U.S. has 130,000 public chargers spread across 53,000 charging stations. The country has more than three million EV owners, so demand is high. Some areas require more chargers to meet needs and renewable energy supply is being ramped up to make sure the electricity is as clean as possible. Fortunately, help is on the way soon. Apps like Plugshare can point you to your nearest charger.
In February, President Biden announced his administration’s plans to expand access to charging stations. The strategy calls for 500,000 new EV chargers by 2030. Cities and states can apply for grants to build these new charging stations if they meet federal guidelines.
For now, finding a charger is easier if you live in a large city, but access will become more widespread throughout the decade.
Some people refrain from buying an EV because of the charging time. Currently, there are three levels of chargers. Level 1—a standard 120-volt wall plug–is the slowest. You’ll need around 40 hours to charge a typical EV from empty to full with a Llevel 1 charger.
Most charging stations and many homes have Level 2 chargers. These systems offer double the voltage, around 240 volts, for residential chargers and 208 volts for commercial stations. Charging from empty to full requires between four and 10 hours.
Direct current fast charging (DCFC) stations are the quickest available and can charge an EV in under an hour. Tesla drivers have their own network of superchargers, but growing DCFC stations from Electrify America, EVgo and others, are starting to sprout up around the country. Tesla has opened up some for other makes and models and will later authorize more.
An at-home charger can be convenient for EV owners. They are ideal for starting long road trips and ensuring you’re ready to drive to work in the mornings. However, chargers can present challenges.
Level 1 chargers are accessible for most homes in the U.S. All you need to do is plug the charger (which comes with most EVs) into the same outlets as you do for other appliances. However, Level 2 chargers are a different story.
The higher voltage requires a more powerful panel. Many homes in the U.S. have 100-amp panels, adhering to standards from the National Electric Code (NEC). Your home will likely need a 200-amp system, which is another task for the electrician. Many homeowners may need to add space to their panels to fit their Level 2 chargers if they have filled other circuit breakers.
Homeowners upgrading their amp panels can use 240-volt chargers, but they should brace for a rise in utility bills. Many EVs require charging two or three times weekly, depending on daily commutes. Energy bills may increase, but EV owners save money by not purchasing gasoline (and home charging rates are almost always less than public charging rates). Some newer homes may even come with a charger pre-installed. However, you should consider how their increased power usage affects climate change.
EV ownership is quickly rising, meaning a higher strain on electric grids. The International Energy Agency (IEA) says global electricity demand will grow to over 40,000 terawatt hours (TWh) by 2040. Compare that total to just under 30,000 TWh in 2020.
Many cities and states struggle to meet power demands due to heat waves, snowstorms and growing populations. Future energy shortages could leave some EV owners out of luck when they need to charge. One solution is to install a solar panel. These systems produce energy for the homeowner instead of relying on public utilities.
Installing a Level 2 charger at home can significantly improve convenience, but it comes at a cost. Experts say installing a home charger can start at around $500 but easily climb to $3,000.
The installation cost could be out of the budget for many, but there are ways to alleviate the expense. One strategy is to use tax credits. The Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) provides a 30% rebate of up to $1,000 for installation costs related to EV chargers.
Consumers can be optimists and doubters when it comes to EVs. They’re an upgrade for environmental health, but some worry about the charging infrastructure.
The U.S. has more than 100,000 chargers and plans to expand the infrastructure significantly in the next decade, which is good news for every EV owner, though home and workplace charging remains.a good alternative.